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High Yielding Newcomer Helps Growers Fight Disease Epidemic - David Bouch - Farmers Weekly

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Oilseed rape growers now have a high yielding option that offers resistance to the turnip yellows virus, which can reduce yields by up to 30%.

Architect is the only variety on the current AHDB Recommended List that has resistance to the virus. It replaces Amalie, which was some 10% behind the top yielder for gross output on the previous year's list.

David Bouch, seeds manager at Hutchinsons, believes that if a farmer is growing hybrids or a mix of hybrid and conventional types, Architect should be one to consider as part of the variety mix.

"It can help with risk management and is the only one on the list offering turnip yellows resistance. Also, it is only 2-3% behind the mainstream varieties on yield," he says.

The Limagrain hybrid variety is the result of the company’s German breeding programme, which has a good pedigree for turnip yellows virus resistance. It has nine varieties currently in trials with more in the pipeline.

Aphids

Turnip yellows is spread by peach potato aphids and monitoring last year found high levels of infection, with some sites showing that 100% of aphids were carrying the virus.

Insecticides can be used to control the disease, however getting the timing right can be difficult, as it varies year to year, says John Challans, seed specialist at Nickerson Seeds part of Limagrain.

“If you spray a crop and it happens to be the tail end of a peak, they can come in again to infect the crop.  The spray is only effective for 10 days, so is difficult to hit migration of aphids, he explains. “So by the time you see aphids, it (the disease) is already there and it is too late.”

Mr Bouch believes farmers can use Architect to help manage risk, acting as an insurance in a high disease year.

“By growing one to two fields of the variety, farmers don’t need to worry about the disease across this area,” he says.

It is not just about turnip yellows, the variety brings other agronomic benefits including strong vigour and pod shatter resistance.

Wolfgang Lueders, European oilseed rape product manager at Limagrain, highlights Architect’s strong vigour.

“This allows good establishment and restart of growth in the following spring, even under unfavourable conditions in the field,” he says.

Pod shatter

Mr Bouch sees the value of prod shatter resistance, offering some protection against losses during summer storms.

“This is becoming more and more important,” he says.  “I have seen empty pods in crops without pod shatter resistance after a storm, while in a variety with (resistance), the pods were largely intact.”

Mr Bouch says one minor quibble is Architect’s stem canker disease rating of five, which is a low – ideally he would like to see a rating of at least 6.

He also points to its performance in the north with a gross output at 99%, of control, which is a little behind the top yielder.  Therefore, he believes it is more suited for growing south of the Humber.

So what are the yield benefits?  Mr Challans highlights European trials carried out in 2015 and 2016 showing that yields increase as turnip yellows virus levels rise.  The variety delivered an 11% yield advantage at sites with very high infection levels.

He says this equates to 0.5t/ha in a high disease pressure situation.  Pod shatter resistance brings another 0.4t/ha in a high-risk situation, adding up to nearly a tonne of extra yield.